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Research Papers

Finite Element Modeling and Analysis of Friction-Wedge Dampers During Suspension Pitch Modes

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Q. Sun

Centre for Railway Engineering, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland 4702, Australiay.q.sun@cqu.edu.au

C. Cole

Centre for Railway Engineering, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland 4702, Australiac.cole@cqu.edu.au

J. Vib. Acoust 130(2), 021003 (Jan 30, 2008) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2827369 History: Received November 15, 2006; Revised August 20, 2007; Published January 30, 2008

Abstract

A two-dimensional finite element model has been developed to investigate the friction damping characteristics of suspensions with so-called “constant-damping” friction wedges widely used in three-piece bogie wagons in Australia. The model was used to simulate the suspension during pitch modes. The simulation results show that the friction damping force in the suspension pitch modes is dependent on the friction conditions on the wedge contact surfaces, wagon speed, and the wedge shape and elasticity effects including the stuck state. The suspension pitch movements of a three-piece bogie with dry friction wedges can cause wedge rotation and partial separation of wedge contacting surfaces, which seriously affects the wedge friction damping effectiveness. The curved shape of wedge angular surface can significantly improve the friction damping characteristics of three-piece bogie suspensions.

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Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

Figure 1

Constant-damping suspension

Figure 2

Bogie model

Figure 3

Top surface irregularity

Figure 4

Simulation results for a case study (WFC=0.3)

Figure 5

Wedge friction conditions: (a) WFC=0.2 and (b) WFC=0.1

Figure 6

Wagon speed: (a) at 30km∕h and (b) at 100km∕h

Figure 7

Modified FEM

Figure 8

Simulation results: (a) 30km∕h, (b) 60km∕h, (c) 100km∕h, (d) 60km∕h, and (e) 60km∕h

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