A Comparative Study and Analysis of Semi-Active Vibration-Control Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Nader Jalili

Robotics and Mechatronics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0921e-mail: jalili@clemson.edu

J. Vib. Acoust 124(4), 593-605 (Sep 20, 2002) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1500336 History: Received May 01, 2001; Revised April 01, 2002; Online September 20, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Inman, D. J., 1994, Engineering Vibration, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Sun,  J. Q., Jolly,  M. R., and Norris,  M. A., 1995, “Passive, Adaptive, and Active Tuned Vibration Absorbers—A Survey,” ASME Transactions, Special 50th Anniversary Design Issue 117, pp. 234–242.
Korenev, B. G., and Reznikov, L. M., 1993, Dynamic Vibration Absorbers: Theory and Technical Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
Soong, T. T., and Constantinou, M. C., 1994, Passive and Active Structural Control in Civil Engineering, Springer-Verlag, Wien and New York.
Olgac,  N., and Holm-Hansen,  B., 1994, “A Novel Active Vibration Absorption Technique: Delayed Resonator,” J. Sound Vib., 176, pp. 93–104.
Margolis,  D., 1998, “Retrofitting Active Control into Passive Vibration Isolation Systems,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., 120, pp. 104–110.
Lee-Glauser,  G. J., Ahmadi,  G., and Horta,  L. G., 1997, “Integrated Passive/Active Vibration Absorber for Multistory Buildings,” J. Struct. Div. ASCE, 123(4), pp. 499–504.
Franchek,  M. A., Ryan,  M. W., and Bernhard,  R. J., 1995, “Adaptive-passive Vibration Control,” J. Sound Vib., 189(5), pp. 565–585.
Nemir,  D., Lin,  Y., and Lin,  Y., 1994, “Semi-active Motion Control Using Variable Stiffness,” J. Struct. Div. ASCE, 120(4), pp. 1291–1306.
Hrovat,  D., Margolis,  D. L., and Hubbard,  M., 1988, “An Approach Toward the Optimal Semi-Active Suspension,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 110, pp. 288–296.
Shaw,  J., 1998, “Adaptive Vibration Control by using Magnetostrictive Actuators,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct., 9, pp. 87–94.
Garcia,  E., Dosch,  J., and Inman,  D. J., 1992, “The Application of Smart Structures to the Vibration Suppression Problem,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct., 3, pp. 659–667.
Wang,  K. W., Lai,  J. S., and Yu,  W. K., 1996, “An Energy-Based Parametric Control Approach for Structural Vibration Suppression via Semi-Active Piezoelectric Networks,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., 118, pp. 505–509.
Snowdon, J. C., 1968, Vibration and Shock in Damped Mechanical Systems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.
Jalili,  N., and Olgac,  N., 2000, “Identification and Re-tuning of Optimum Delayed Feedback Vibration Absorber,” J. Guid. Control Dyn., 23(6), pp. 961–970.
Knowles, D., Jalili, N., and Ramadurai, S., 2001, “Piezoelectric Structural Vibration Control using Active Resonator Absorber,” Proceedings of the 2001 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE’01), New York, NY.
Karnopp,  D., 1995, “Active and Semi-active Vibration Isolation,” ASME J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., 117, pp. 177–185.
Esmailzadeh,  E., 1978, “Vibration Isolation System with Variable Natural Frequency,” IJMEE, 6(3), pp. 125–129.
Choi,  S. B., 1999, “Vibration Control of Flexible Structures using ER Dampers,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 121, pp. 134–138.
Wang,  K. W., Kim,  Y. S., and Shea,  D. B., 1994, “Structural Vibration Control via Electrorheological-Fluid-Based Actuators With Adaptive Viscous ad Frictional Damping,” J. Sound Vib., 177(2), pp. 227–237.
Kim,  K., and Jeon,  D., 2000, “Vibration Suppression in an MR Fluid Damper Suspension System,” J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct., 10(10), pp. 779–786.
Sun,  Y., and Parker,  G. A., 1993, “A Position Controlled Disc Valve in Vehicle Semi-active Suspension Systems,” Control. Eng., 1(6), pp. 927–935.
Dowell,  D. J., and Cherry,  S., 1994, “Semi-active Friction Dampers for Seismic Response Control of Structures,” Proc. 5th US Nat. Conf. On Earthquake Engrg. 1, pp. 819–828.
Feng, Q., and Shinozuka, M., 1990, “Use of a Variable Damper for Hybrid Control of Bridge Response under Earthquake,” Proc. of US Nat. Workshop on Struct. Control Res., USC publication No. CE-9013, pp. 107–112.
Walsh,  P. L., and Lamnacusa,  J. S., 1992, “A Variable Stiffness Vibration Absorber for Minimization of Transient Vibrations,” J. Sound Vib., 158(2), pp. 195–211.
Esmailzadeh,  E., 1979, “Servo-Valve Controlled Pneumatic Suspensions,” J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 21(1), pp. 7–18.
“Low-Frequency Vibration Isolation with Bellow Mountings,” Environmental Engineering Proceedings, 1963.
Esmailzadeh,  E., 1980, “Compact Self-damped Pneumatic Isolators for Road Vehicles,” ASME J. Mech. Des., 102(2), pp. 270–277.
Karnopp,  D. C., Crodby,  M. J., and Harwood,  R. A., 1974, “Vibration Control using Semi-active Force Generators,” ASME J. Ind., 96(2), pp. 619–626 (May).
Hrovat,  D., Barker,  P., and Rabins,  M., 1983, “Semi-active versus Passive or Active Tuned Mass Dampers for Structural Control,” J. Eng. Mech., 109, pp. 691–705.
Stribersky,  A., Muller,  H., and Rath,  B., 1998, “The Development of an Integrated Suspension Control Technology for Passenger Trains,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part J: J. Eng. Tribol., 212, Part F, pp. 33–41.
Horton,  D. N., and Crolla,  D. A., 1986, “Theoretical Analysis of a Semi-active Suspension Fitted to an Off-Road Vehicle,” Veh. Syst. Dyn., 15, pp. 351–372.
Miller, L. R., and Nobles, C. M., 1988, “The Design and Development of a Semi-active Suspension for Military Tank,” SAE Paper No. 881133.
Tanaka,  N., and Kikushima,  Y., 1992, “Impact Vibration Control Using A Semi-active Damper,” J. Sound Vib., 158(2), pp. 277–292.
Karnopp,  D., 1990, “Design Principles for Vibration Control Systems using Semi-active Dampers,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 112(3), pp. 448–455.
Pinkos, A., Shtarkman, E., and Fitzgerald, T., 1994, “An Actively Damped Passenger Car Suspension System With Low Voltage Electro-Rheological Magnetic Fluid,” Proc. Int. Symp. on Advanced Vehicle Control (AVEC), Tsukuba, Japan, pp. 311–317.
Sturk,  M., Wu,  M., and Wong,  J. Y., 1995, “Development and Evaluation of a High Voltage Supply Unit for Electorheological Fluid Dampers,” Veh. Syst. Dyn., 24, pp. 101–121.
Petek, N. K., Romstadt, D. L., Lizell, M. B., and Weyenberg, T. R., 1995, “Demonstration of an Automotive Semi-active Suspension Using Electro-Rheological Fluid,” SAE Paper No. 950586.
Austin,  S. A., 1993, “The Vibration Damping Effect of an Electrorheological Fluid,” ASME J. Vibr. Acoust., 115(1), pp. 136–140.
Ginder,  J. M., and Ceccio,  S. L., 1995, “The Effect of Electrical Transients on the Shear Stresses in Electrorheological Fluids,” J. Rheol., 39(1), pp. 211–234.
Dimarogonas-Andrew, D., and Kollias, A., 1993, “Smart Electrorheological Fluid Dynamic Vibration Absorber,” Intelligent Structures, Materials, and Vibration, ASME Design Division, Vol. 58 , pp. 7–15.
Lord Corporation, http://www.rheonetic.com.
Jalili,  N., and Olgac,  N., 2000, “A Sensitivity Study of Optimum Delayed Feedback Vibration Absorber,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 121, pp. 314–321.
Franchek,  M. A., Ryan,  M. W., and Bernhard,  R. J., 1995, “Adaptive Passive Vibration Control,” J. Sound Vib., 189(5), pp. 565–585.
Liu,  H. J., Yang,  Z. C., and Zhao,  L. C., 2000, “Semi-active Flutter Control by Structural Asymmetry,” J. Sound Vib., 229(1), pp. 199–205.
Jalili, N., 2000, “On Adaptive-Passive Vibration Suppression Using Distributed-Parameter Absorbers,” Proceedings of 2000 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Orlando, FL.
Jalili,  N., Fallahi,  B., and Kusculuoglu,  Z. K., 2001, “A New Approach to Semi-Active Vibration Suppression Using Adjustable Inertia Absorbers,” Int. J. Model. Simulat., 21(2), pp. 148–154.
Fujita,  T., Katsu,  M., Miyano,  H., and Takanashi,  S., 1991, “Fundamental Study of Active-Passive Mass Damper Using XY-motion Mechanism and Hydraulic Actuator for Vibration Control of Tall Building,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. C, 57, pp. 3532–3539.
Jalili,  N., 2000, “A New Perspective For Semi-Automated Structural Vibration Control,” J. Sound Vib., 238(3), pp. 481–494.
ElBeheiry,  E. M., Karnopp,  D., ElAraby,  M. E., and Abdelraaouf,  A. M., 1995, “Advanced Ground vehicle Suspension Systems—A Classified Bibliography,” Veh. Syst. Dyn., 14(3), pp. 231–258.
Karnopp,  D., and Hess,  G., 1991, “Electronically Controllable Vehicle Suspensions,” Veh. Syst. Dyn., 20(3–4), pp. 207–217.
Hrovat,  D., 1997, “Survey of Advanced Suspension Developments and Related Optimal Control Applications,” Automatica, 33(10), pp. 1781–1817.
Esmailzadeh,  E., and Taghirad,  H. D., 1998, “Active Vehicle Suspensions with Optimal State Feedback Control,” Int. J. Model. Simulat., 18(3), pp. 228–239.
Taghirad,  H. D., and Esmailzadeh,  E., 1998, “Automotive Passenger Comfort Assured Through LQG/LQR Active Suspension,” J. Vib. Control, 4, pp. 603–618.
Esmailzadeh,  E., and Fahimi,  F., 1997, “Optimal Adaptive Active Suspensions for a Full Car Model,” International Journal of Vehicle System Dynamics, 27, pp. 89–107.
Jalili,  N., and Esmailzadeh,  E., 2001, “Optimum Active Vehicle Suspensions with Actuator Time Delay,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 123(1), pp. 54–61.
Anon, 1989, “Nissan Active Hydraulic Suspension,” Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.
Hrovat,  D., 1993, “Applications of Optimal Control to Advanced Automotive Suspension Design,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 115, pp. 328–342.
Crosby, M., and Karnopp, D. C., 1973, “The Active Damper—A New Concept for Shock and Vibration Control,” Shock Vib. Bull, Part H, Washington D.C.
Hrovat,  D., 1990, “Optimal Active Suspension Structures for Quarter-Car Vehicle Models,” Automatica, 26(5), pp. 845–860.
Youn,  I., and Hac,  A., 1995, “Semi-active Suspensions with Adaptive Capability,” J. Sound Vib., 180(3), pp. 475–492.
Sharp,  R. S., 1998, “Variable Geometry Active Suspension for Cars,” IEE Computing and Control Engineering Journal, October pp.217–222.
Duclos, T. G., 1988, “Design Devices using Electrorheological Fluids,” SAE Paper No. 881134.
Karnopp,  D., and So,  S. G., 1998, “Energy Flow in Active Attitude Control Suspensions: A Bond Graph Analysis,” Veh. Syst. Dyn., 29, pp. 69–91.
Margolis,  D. L., Tylee,  J. L., and Hrovat,  D., 1975, “Heave Mode Dynamics of a Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle with Semi-active Airbag Secondary Suspension,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 97(4), pp. 399–407.
Hrovat, D., 1979, “Optimal Passive Vehicle Suspension,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Davis, CA.
Alleyne,  A., and Hedrick,  J. K., 1995, “Nonlinear Adaptive Control of Active Suspensions,” IEEE Trans. Control Syst. Technol., 3(1), pp. 94–101.


Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of (a) force transmissibility for foundation isolation, (b) displacement transmissibility for protecting device from vibration of the base, and (c) application of vibration absorber for suppressing primary system vibration
Grahic Jump Location
A typical primary structure equipped with three versions of vibration-control systems: (a) passive, (b) active, and (c) semi-active configuration
Grahic Jump Location
Application of a semi-active absorber to SDOF primary system with adjustable stiffness ka and damping ca
Grahic Jump Location
PCB series 712 PZT inertial actuator (left), schematic of operation (middle), and a simple SDOF mathematical model (right) (from 16)
Grahic Jump Location
Frequency transfer functions (FTF) for nominal absorber (thin-solid); de-tuned absorber (thin-dashed); and re-tuned absorber (thick-solid) settings (from 15)
Grahic Jump Location
Frequency response plot of transmissibility TA for the semi-active isolator as a function of variable damping ratio
Grahic Jump Location
A schematic configuration of an ER damper (from 19)
Grahic Jump Location
The application of a variable stiffness vibration absorber to a 4DOF building (from 44)
Grahic Jump Location
A typical primary system equipped with the double-ended cantilever absorber with adjustable tuning ratio through moving masses m (from 46).
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of the adjustable effective inertia vibration absorber (from 47)
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of a cantilever beam with SA piezoelectric RL network (from 13)
Grahic Jump Location
(a) A SQC model of vehicle suspension system (b) half car model incorporating the body pitch (from 58), and (c) whole car model with heave, pitch, and roll motions (from 58)
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic design of the electro-hydraulic valve in the piston of a semi-active damper (from 57)
Grahic Jump Location
Variations in frequency response of body velocity for SQC model with variable damper (from 17)
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of normalized PI as a function of variable suspension damping ratio (from 10)
Grahic Jump Location
A 2DOF vehicle model with dynamic vibration absorber
Grahic Jump Location
On-off semi-active control decision
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of Skyhook damper arrangement
Grahic Jump Location
Variations in frequency response of body velocity for SQC model with combination of variable damper and skyhook damping (from 17)
Grahic Jump Location
A semi-active flutter control using adjustable pitching stiffness (from 45)
Grahic Jump Location
A schematic configuration of an MR damper
Grahic Jump Location
Frequency response plot of transmissibility TA for optimum semi-active suspension as a function of variable damping ratio



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In