Distributed Piezoelectric Actuators for Shell Interior Noise Control

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Q. Sun

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716

M. A. Norris, D. J. Rossetti, J. H. Highfill

Lord Corporation, Thomas Lord Research Center, 405 Gregson Drive, Cary, North Carolina 27511

J. Vib. Acoust 118(4), 676-681 (Oct 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2888351 History: Received September 01, 1994; Revised March 01, 1995; Online February 26, 2008


Structural controls have been recently used to reduce acoustic radiation from vibrating structures. It is well known that in some cases, a control system can reduce the noise and, at the same time, increase the structural vibration. This is one of the concerns with the structural control approach to solve the noise problem. Developing a control system that can reduce the noise and structural vibration at the same time is an important task. This paper proposes one of possible approaches for accomplishing this task. The emphasis of the present approach is not on control strategies, but rather on the design of distributed piezoelectric actuators for the structural control system. In the paper, we study the interior noise radiation and the structural vibrations of uniform cylindrical shells, which are taken as a simplified model of a fuselage section. Two distributed piezoelectric actuators are developed based upon the understanding of the structural-acoustic coupling properties of the system. These actuators can reduce the shell structural vibration and the interior noise at the same time in a wide range of frequencies by using only the acoustic error sensors. Hence, an optimal noise reduction is achieved. Computer simulations and the experiments have shown that the actuators can lead to global noise and vibration reduction. Excellent agreement between the analytical predictions and the experiments strongly supports the theoretical development.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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