Active Vibration Control of the Axially Moving String Using Space Feedforward and Feedback Controllers

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Ying, C. A. Tan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202

J. Vib. Acoust 118(3), 306-312 (Jul 01, 1996) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2888182 History: Received June 01, 1994; Revised September 01, 1994; Online February 26, 2008


Active vibration control of an axially moving string using space feedforward and feedback controllers is presented. Closed-form results for the transverse response of both the uncontrolled and controlled string are given in the s domain. The space feedforward controller is established by employing the idea of wave cancellation. The proposed control law indicates that vibration in the region downstream of the control force can be cancelled. With the space feedforward control, the mode shapes of the axially moving string are changed such that the free response tends to zero in the downstream region. An interesting physical interpretation is that the control force acts effectively as a holder (active support) which limits the vibration of the string to the upstream region and eliminates any vibration in the downstream region. Simulation results show that the response of the string to both sinusoidal and random excitations is suppressed by applying the space feedforward control. The feedback controller is introduced to attenuate the response of the string due to undesired disturbances in the downstream.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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