A Technique to Measure the Breathing Wave Speed in a Towed Array

[+] Author and Article Information
Andrew J. Hull

Submarine Sonar Department, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, New London, CT 06320

J. Vib. Acoust 116(2), 243-245 (Apr 01, 1994) (3 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2930419 History: Received January 01, 1992; Revised February 01, 1993; Online June 17, 2008


A method is developed for measuring the breathing wave speed in a towed array. The front of the array is longitudinally vibrated, producing aft-traveling wave energy that is detected by measuring the transfer function of a hydrophone channel and a forward bulkhead-mounted accelerometer. The transfer function is composed of two distinct wave types: an extensional wave and a breathing wave. The breathing wavelengths are much shorter than the extensional wavelengths; therefore, the local minimum associated with the first breathing wave null across the hydrophone channel can be identified. Because the frequency at which this null occurs and the length of the hydrophone channel are known, the breathing wave speed can be calculated.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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