Design of Shape Memory Alloy Springs With Applications in Vibration Control

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Liang, C. A. Rogers

Center for Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0261

J. Vib. Acoust 115(1), 129-135 (Jan 01, 1993) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2930305 History: Received February 01, 1991; Online June 17, 2008


Shape memory alloys (SMAs) have several unique characteristics, including their Young’s modulus-temperature relations, shape memory effects, and damping characteristics. The Young’s modulus of the high-temperature austenite of SMAs is about three to four times as large as that of low-temperature martensite. Therefore, a spring made of shape memory alloy can change its spring constant by a factor of three to four. Since a shape memory alloy spring can vary its spring constant, provide recovery stress (shape memory effect), or be designed with a high damping capacity, it may be useful in adaptive vibration control. Some vibration control concepts utilizing the unique characteristics of SMAs will be presented in this paper. Shape memory alloy springs have been used as actuators in many applications although their use in the vibration control area is very recent. Since shape memory alloys differ from conventional alloy materials in many ways, the traditional design approach for springs is not completely suitable for designing SMA springs. Some design approaches based upon linear theory have been proposed for shape memory alloy springs. A more accurate design method for SMA springs based on a new nonlinear thermomechanical constitutive relation of SMA is also presented in this paper.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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