An evaluation of the fracture toughness of the heat-affected zone (HAZ), which is located under the weld overlay cladding of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV), was performed. Considering inhomogeneous microstructures of the HAZ, 0.4T-C(T) specimens were manufactured from the cladding strips locations, and Mini-C(T) specimens were fabricated from the distanced location as well as under the cladding. The reference temperature (To) of specimens that were aligned with the middle section of a cladding strip (HAZMCS) was ∼12°C higher than that of specimens that were aligned with cladding strips at the overlap (HAZOCS). To values of partial area in the HAZ were obtained using Mini-C(T) specimen. The To values obtained near the side of the cladding were ∼13°C higher than those away from the cladding. To values of HAZ for both 0.4T-C(T) and Mini-C(T) specimens were significantly lower than that of the base metal at a quarter thickness by 40°C–60°C. Compared to the literature data that indicated fracture toughness at the surface without overlay cladding and base metal of a quarter thickness in a pressure vessel plate, this study concluded that the welding thermal history showed no significant effect on the fracture toughness of the inner surface of RPV steel.

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