This study discusses in detail the aeroelastic flutter investigation of a transonic axial compressor rotor using computational methods. Fluid structure interaction approach is used in this method to evaluate the unsteady aerodynamic force and work done of a vibrating blade in CFD domain. Energy method and work per cycle approach is adapted for this flutter prediction. A framework has been developed to estimate the work per cycle and aerodynamic damping ratio. Based on the aerodynamic damping ratio, occurrence of flutter is estimated for different inter blade phase angles. Initially, the baseline rotor blade design was having negative aerodynamic damping at part speed conditions. The main cause for this flutter occurrence was identified as large flow separation near blade tip region due to high incidence angles. The unsteadiness in the flow was leading to aerodynamic force fluctuation matching with natural frequency of blade, resulting in excitation of the blades. Hence axially skewed slot casing treatment was implemented to reduce the flow separation at blade tip region to alleviate the onset of flutter. By this method, the stall margin and aerodynamic damping of the test compressor was improved and flutter was avoided.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Aeroelastic Flutter Investigation and Stability Enhancement of a Transonic Axial Compressor Rotor Using Casing Treatment
Purushothaman, K, Jeyaraman, SK, Pratap, A, & Prasad Deshkulkarni, K. "Aeroelastic Flutter Investigation and Stability Enhancement of a Transonic Axial Compressor Rotor Using Casing Treatment." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 Gas Turbine India Conference. Volume 1: Compressors, Fans and Pumps; Turbines; Heat Transfer; Combustion, Fuels and Emissions. Bangalore, India. December 7–8, 2017. V001T01A015. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GTINDIA2017-4767
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