In this paper, we use continuum mechanics to develop an analytic treatment of elastic wave scattering from an embedded cylinder and show that a classic treatise on the subject contains important errors for oblique angles of incidence, which we correct. We also develop missing equations for the scattering cross section at oblique angles and study the sensitivity of the scattering cross section as a function of elastodynamic contrast mechanisms. We find that in the Mie scattering regime for oblique angles of incidence, both elastic and density contrast are important mechanisms by which scattering can be controlled, but that their effects can offset one another, similar to the theory of reflection at flat interfaces. In comparison, we find that in the Rayleigh scattering regime, elastic and density contrast are always complimentary toward increasing scattering cross section, but for sufficiently high density contrast, the scattering cross section for incident compressional and *y*-transverse modes is nearly independent of elastic contrast. The solution developed captures the scattering physics for all possible incident elastic wave orientations, polarizations, and wavelengths including the transition from Rayleigh to geometric scattering regimes, so long as the continuum approximation holds. The method could, for example, enable calculation of the thermal conductivity tensor from microscopic principles which requires knowledge of the scattering cross section spanning all possible incident elastic wave orientations and polarizations at thermally excited wavelengths.