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Research Papers

Study the Effect of Tapering on the Nonlinear Behavior of an Exponentially Varying Width Piezoelectric Energy Harvester

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Salmani

Department of Aerospace Engineering,
Tarbiat Modares University,
P.O. Box 14115-111,
Tehran, Iran
e-mail: hamed.salmani@modares.ac.ir

G. H. Rahimi

Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Tarbiat Modares University,
Jalal Ale Ahmad Exp. Way,
P.O. Box 14115-111,
Tehran, Iran
e-mail: rahimi_gh@modares.ac.ir

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received December 16, 2017; final manuscript received March 3, 2018; published online May 7, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Alper Erturk.

J. Vib. Acoust 140(6), 061004 (May 07, 2018) (11 pages) Paper No: VIB-17-1543; doi: 10.1115/1.4039932 History: Received December 16, 2017; Revised March 03, 2018

It has been shown that exponentially tapering the width of a vibration-based piezoelectric energy harvester will result in increasing electric power per mass in a specified frequency. In this paper, a nonlinear solution of an exponentially decreasing width piezoelectric energy harvester is presented. Piezoelectric, inertial, and geometric nonlinearities are included in the presented model, while the exponentially tapered piezoelectric beam's mass normalized mode shapes are utilized in Galerkin discretization. The developed nonlinear coupled equations of motion are solved using method of multiple scales (MMS), and the steady states results are verified by experiment in high amplitude excitation. Finally, the exponentially tapering parameter effect is studied, and it is concluded that the voltage per mass of the energy harvester is improved by tapering at high exciting acceleration amplitudes.

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Figures

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Fig. 2

Piezoelectric beam cross section

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Fig. 3

Experimental setup

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Fig. 4

Experimental setup structural elements

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Fig. 5

Analytical and experimental output voltage

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Fig. 6

Experimental model output voltage for 9 g exciting acceleration amplitude

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Fig. 7

Output voltage: (a) c = 0, (b) c = 5, (c) c = 10, (d) c = 15, and (e) c = 20

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Fig. 8

Output voltage backbone curve

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Fig. 9

Output voltage backbone curve for models with the same natural frequencies

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Fig. 1

Piezoelectric energy harvester

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Fig. 10

Comparing linear and nonlinear results—voltage per mass

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Fig. 11

Comparing linear and nonlinear results—power per mass

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