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Research Papers

Extended Smooth Orthogonal Decomposition for Modal Analysis

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhi-Xiang Hu

Department of Civil Engineering,
Hefei University of Technology,
Hefei 23009, Anhui Province, China
e-mail: huzhixiang@hfut.edu.cn

Xiao Huang

The 38th Research Institute of CETC,
Hefei 230088, Anhui Province, China

Yixian Wang, Feiyu Wang

Department of Civil Engineering,
Hefei University of Technology,
Hefei 23009, Anhui Province, China

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received September 25, 2017; final manuscript received January 5, 2018; published online February 23, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Stefano Gonella.

J. Vib. Acoust 140(4), 041008 (Feb 23, 2018) (12 pages) Paper No: VIB-17-1428; doi: 10.1115/1.4039240 History: Received September 25, 2017; Revised January 05, 2018

The smooth orthogonal decomposition (SOD) is an output-only modal analysis method, which has simple structure and gives good results for undamped or lightly damped vibration systems. In the present study, the SOD method is extended to incorporate various measurements that contain the displacement, the velocity, the acceleration, and even the jerk (derivation of the acceleration). Several generalized eigenvalue problems (EVPs) are put forward considering different measurement combinations, and it is proved that all these EVPs can reduce to the eigenvalue problems of the undamped vibration system. These different methods are called extended smooth orthogonal decomposition (ESOD) methods in this paper. For the damped vibration system, the frequencies obtained by different ESOD methods are different from each other. Thus, a cost function is defined and a search algorithm is proposed to find the optimal frequency and damping ratio that can explain these differences. Although the search algorithm is derived for the single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) vibration systems, it is effective for the multi-degrees-of-freedom (MDOF) vibration system after assuming that the smooth orthogonal coordinates (SOCs) computed by the ESOD methods are approximate to the modal coordinate responses. In order to verify the ESOD methods and the search algorithm, simulations are carried out and the results indicate that all ESOD methods reach correct results for undamped vibration systems and the search algorithm can give accurate frequency and damping ratio for damped systems. In addition, the effects of measurement noises are considered and the results show that the proposed method has anti-noise property to some extent.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Flowchart of the search algorithm for the optimal ω and ξ corresponding to the minimum of the cost function

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Fig. 2

Comparison between frequencies estimated by the ESOD methods and these computed by theoretical equation

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Fig. 3

Distribution of the value of log10(I1,3)

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Fig. 4

The optimal frequencies and damping ratios of 100 simulations for cost functions I1,3, I1,4 and I3,4 with the real damping ratios set to be 0.2

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Fig. 5

Optimal ω and ξ estimated with different noise level for the SDOF system

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Fig. 6

The 8DOF vibration system

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Fig. 7

Modal shapes for the MDOF system with α = β = 1 × 10−5

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Fig. 8

Modal shapes for the damped MDOF system with α = β = 0.2

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Fig. 9

Percentage error of identified optimal ω and ξ of the each mode estimated with different noise level for the damped MDOF system with α = β = 0.2

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