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Research Papers

Broadening of the Sound Absorption Bandwidth of the Perforated Panel Using a Membrane-Type Resonator

[+] Author and Article Information
Xuezhi Zhu

Harbin Institute of Technology,
School of Mechatronics Engineering,
92 West Dazhi Street,
Nangang District,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: zxz0001zxz@126.com

Zhaobo Chen

Harbin Institute of Technology,
School of Mechatronics Engineering,
92 West Dazhi Street,
Nangang District,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: chenzb@hit.edu.cn

Yinghou Jiao

Harbin Institute of Technology,
School of Mechatronics Engineering,
92 West Dazhi Street,
Nangang District,
Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: jiaoyh@hit.edu.cn

Yanpeng Wang

Harbin Institute of Technology,
School of Mechatronics Engineering,
92 West Dazhi Street,
Nangang, Harbin 150001, China
e-mail: ypwang@hit.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Noise Control and Acoustics Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received July 2, 2017; final manuscript received November 22, 2017; published online February 9, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Miao Yu.

J. Vib. Acoust 140(3), 031014 (Feb 09, 2018) (6 pages) Paper No: VIB-17-1292; doi: 10.1115/1.4038942 History: Received July 02, 2017; Revised November 22, 2017

In order to broaden the sound absorption bandwidth of a perforated panel in the low frequency range, a lightweight membrane-type resonator is installed in the back cavity of the perforated panel to combine into a compound sound absorber (CSA). Because of the great flexibility, the membrane-type resonator can be vibrated easily by the incident sound waves passing through the holes of the perforated panel. In the low frequency range, the membrane-type resonator and the perforated panel constitute a two degrees-of-freedom (DOF)-resonant type sound absorption system, which generates two sound absorption peaks. By tuning the parameters of the membrane type resonator, a wide frequency band having a large sound absorption coefficient can be obtained. In this paper, the sound absorption coefficient of CSA is derived analytically by combining the vibration equation of the membrane-type resonator with the acoustic impedance equation of the perforated panel. The influences of the parameters of the membrane-type resonator on the sound absorption performance of the CSA are numerically analyzed. Finally, the wide band sound absorption capacity of the CSA is validated by the experimental test.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the CSA

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Fig. 2

Relations of the sound absorption peak frequencies and the acoustic impedence of the CSA. (a) The sound absorption coefficient of the CSA, (b) the imaginary part of ZA/Z0, and (c) the real part of ZA/Z0.

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Fig. 3

The influence of the resonant frequency of the MAM on the sound absorption performance of the CSA

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Fig. 4

The influence of the damping ratio of the MAM on the sound absorption performance of the CSA

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Fig. 5

The influence of installing positions of the MAM on the sound absorption performance of the CSA

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Fig. 6

The influence of the opening ratio on the sound absorption performance of the CSA

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Fig. 7

Experiment set of the sound absorption coefficient test of the CSA. (a) The perforated panel sample, (b) the MAM sample, and (c) test arrangement.

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Fig. 8

The sound absorption coefficient test results of the CSA

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