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Experimental Application of Time-Domain Transmissibility Identification to Fault Detection and Localization in Acoustic Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Khaled Aljanaideh

Assistant Professor, Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan, 22110
kfaljanaideh@just.edu.jo

Dennis S. Bernstein

Professor, Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109
dsbaero@umich.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038436 History: Received October 02, 2016; Revised September 09, 2017

Abstract

This paper considers a technique for fault detection and localization based on time-domain transmissibility identification. This technique takes advantage of unknown external (ambient) excitation to identify a sensor-to-sensor model, which is independent of the excitation signal and the initial conditions of the underlying system. In the presence of unknown external excitation, the identified transmissibility operator is used to compute the sensor-to-sensor residual, which is the discrepancy between the predicted sensor output (based on the transmissibility operator) and the actual measurements. The sensor-to-sensor residuals are used to detect, diagnose, and localize faults in sensors and system dynamics. We consider an experimental setup consisting of an acoustic system with three speakers and six microphones. Each speaker is an actuator, and each microphone is a sensor that measures the acoustic response at its location. Measurements from the six microphones are used to construct transmissibility operators, which in turn are used to detect and localize changes in the dynamics of the acoustic system or the microphones by computing the resulting one-step residuals.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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