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research-article

New Active Online Balancing Method for Grinding Wheel Using Liquid Injection and Free Dripping

[+] Author and Article Information
Xining Zhang

State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing System Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
zhangxining@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

Xu Liu

State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing System Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
liuxu@stu.xjtu.edu.cn

Huan Zhao

State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing System Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
zhaohuan_xjtu@163.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037955 History: Received April 11, 2017; Revised August 30, 2017

Abstract

Grinding is a vital method in machining techniques and an effective way to process materials such as hardened steels and silicon wafers. However, as the running time increases, the unbalance of grinding wheels produce a severe vibration and noise of grinding machines because of the uneven shedding of abrasive particles and the uneven adsorption of coolant, which has a severe and direct impact on the accuracy and quality of parts. Online balancing is an important and necessary technique to reduce the unbalance causing by these factors and adjust the time-varying balance condition of the grinding wheel. A new active online balancing method using liquid injection and free dripping is proposed in this paper. The proposed online balancing method possesses a continuous balancing ability and the problem of losing balancing ability for the active online balancing method using liquid injection is solved effectively because some chambers are full of liquid. The residual liquid contained in the balancing chambers is utilized as a compensation mass for reducing rotor unbalance, where the rotor phase is proposed herein as a target for determining the machine unbalance. A new balancing device with a controllable injection and free dripping structure is successfully designed. The relationship between the mass of liquid in the balancing chamber and the centrifugal force produced by liquid is identified. The performance of the proposed method is verified by the balancing experiments and the results of these experiments show that the vibration of unbalance response is reduced by 87.3% at 2700 r/min.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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