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Research Papers

Band Gap Characteristics of Nonrotating Passive Periodic Drill String

[+] Author and Article Information
Yaser Alsaffar

Mechanical Engineering Department,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742
e-mail: yaseralsaffar@gmail.com

Sadok Sassi

Department of Mechanical and Industrial
Engineering,
Qatar University,
Doha 2713, Qatar
e-mail: sadok.sassi@qu.edu.qa

Amr Baz

Professor
Mechanical Engineering Department,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742
e-mail: baz@umd.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received March 20, 2017; final manuscript received August 25, 2017; published online October 4, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Stefano Gonella.

J. Vib. Acoust 140(2), 021004 (Oct 04, 2017) (12 pages) Paper No: VIB-17-1111; doi: 10.1115/1.4037851 History: Received March 20, 2017; Revised August 25, 2017

A new class of drill strings is investigated whereby strategically designed and placed periodic inserts are utilized to filter out the vibration transmission along the drill strings. Such mechanical filtering capabilities allow the vibrations to propagate along the periodic drill string only within specific frequency bands called the “pass bands” and completely block it within other frequency bands called the “stop bands.” The design and the location of the inserts are selected to confine the dominant modes of vibration of the drill string within the stop bands generated by the periodic arrangement of the inserts in order to completely block the propagation of the vibrations. A finite element model (FEM) that simulates the operation of this new class of drill strings is developed to describe the complex nature of the vibration encountered during drilling operations. Experimental prototype of the passive periodic drill string was built and tested to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the concept of periodic drill string in mitigating undesirable vibrations. The experimental results are used to validate the developed theoretical model and to develop a scalable design tool that can be used to predict the dynamical behavior of this new class of drill strings.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME
Topics: Drill strings
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Figures

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Fig. 1

Drill string vibration modes

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Fig. 2

Conventional and passive periodic drill string schematic drawing

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Fig. 3

Vibration mitigation characteristics of conventional and periodic drill string

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Fig. 4

Schematic drawing of finite element drill string: (a) drill string FEM and (b) drill string element

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Fig. 5

Types of passive periodic structures: (a) geometrical discontinuity and (b) material discontinuity

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Fig. 6

Interaction between two neighboring periodic drill string cells

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Fig. 7

Unit cells of passive periodic drill string

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Fig. 8

Passive periodic drill string

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Fig. 9

(a) Lateral frequency response of passive conventional drill string, (b) lateral frequency response of passive periodic drill string, and (c) lateral band gap characteristics of passive periodic drill string

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Fig. 10

(a) Longitudinal frequency response of passive conventional drill string, (b) longitudinal frequency response of passive periodic drill string, and (c) longitudinal band gap characteristics of passive periodic drill string

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Fig. 11

(a) Torsional frequency response of passive conventional drill string, (b) torsional frequency response of passive periodic drill string and, (c) torsional band gap characteristics of passive periodic drill string

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Fig. 12

Noncollocated frequency response comparison between conventional and periodic drill strings with 180 passive periodic inserts ( conventional periodic)

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Fig. 13

Photograph of the periodic drill string experimental setup

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Fig. 14

Experimental and FEM numerical simulation of the Conventional drill string noncollocated frequency response

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Fig. 15

Periodic drill string noncollocated frequency response comparison between the experimental results and FEM model

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Fig. 16

Experimental results of comparison between conventional drill string versus periodic drill string

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