0
Research Papers

Prediction of Rail and Bridge Noise in Near- and Far-Field: A Combined 2.5-Dimensional and Two-Dimensional Method

[+] Author and Article Information
X. D. Song

Department of Bridge Engineering,
Southeast University,
Nanjing 210096, China
e-mail: xdsong@seu.edu.cn

Q. Li

Associate Professor
Department of Bridge Engineering,
Tongji University,
Shanghai 200092, China

D. J. Wu

Professor
Department of Bridge Engineering,
Tongji University,
Shanghai 200092, China

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Noise Control and Acoustics Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received February 18, 2016; final manuscript received August 31, 2016; published online October 27, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Nicole Kessissoglou.

J. Vib. Acoust 139(1), 011007 (Oct 27, 2016) (10 pages) Paper No: VIB-16-1079; doi: 10.1115/1.4034769 History: Received February 18, 2016; Revised August 31, 2016

Bridge noise and rail noise induced by passing trains should be included while estimating low- and medium-frequency (20–1000 Hz) noise in railway viaducts. However, the prediction of bridge noise and rail noise using a three-dimensional (3D) acoustic model is not efficient, especially for far-field points. In this study, a combined 2.5-dimensional (2.5D) and two-dimensional (2D) method is proposed to predict bridge noise and rail noise in both the near- and far-field. First, the near-field noise is obtained by combining the 2.5D acoustic model and a 3D vehicle–track–bridge interaction analysis. Then, the 2D method is used to estimate the attenuation of bridge noise and rail noise in the far-field, and the accuracy is validated through comparison with the 2.5D method. Third, the near-field points are treated as reference sources, and the noise at far-field points is predicted by combining the 2.5D and 2D methods. Finally, the proposed method is used to predict the bridge noise and rail noise for a box girder and a U-shaped girder. The spatial distribution of the bridge noise and rail noise is investigated. Generally, the rail noise is dominant above the bridge, and the bridge noise has a larger contribution to the total noise beneath the bridge. The rail noise from the U-shaped girder is much smaller than that from the box girder due to the shielding effect of the webs.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Di, G. Q. , Liu, X. Y. , Lin, Q. L. , Zheng, Y. , and He, L. J. , 2012, “ The Relationship Between Urban Combined Traffic Noise and Annoyance: An Investigation in Dalian, North of China,” Sci. Total Environ., 432, pp. 189–194. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Lam, K. C. , Chan, P. K. , Chan, T. C. , Au, W. H. , and Hui, W. C. , 2009, “ Annoyance Response to Mixed Transportation Noise in Hong Kong,” Appl. Acoust., 70(1), pp. 1–10. [CrossRef]
Zou, C. , Wang, Y. , Wang, P. , and Guo, J. X. , 2015, “ Measurement of Ground and Nearby Building Vibration and Noise Induced by Trains in a Metro Depot,” Sci. Total Environ., 536, pp. 761–773. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Bewes, O. G. , Thompson, D. J. , Jones, C. J. C. , and Wang, A. , 2006, “ Calculation of Noise From Railway Bridges and Viaducts: Experimental Validation of a Rapid Calculation Model,” J. Sound Vib., 293(3–5), pp. 993–943.
Thompson, D. J. , 2009, Railway Noise and Vibration: Mechanisms, Modeling and Means of Control, Elsevier, Oxford, UK.
Oostdijk, J. , Weekenstroo, T. , and Vercammen, M. , 2015, “ Noise Prediction of a Steel–Concrete Railway Bridge Using a FEM,” EuroNoise 2015, Maastricht, Netherlands, May 31–June 3, pp. 2053–2058.
Remington, P. J. , 1987, “ Wheel/Rail Rolling Noise—I: Theoretical Analysis,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 81(6), pp. 1805–1823. [CrossRef]
Thompson, D. J. , 1996, “ Experimental Validation of the TWINS Prediction Program for Rolling Noise—Part 1: Description of the Model and Method,” J. Sound Vib., 193(1), pp. 123–135. [CrossRef]
Jiang, S. , Meehan, P. A. , Bellette, P. A. , Thompson, D. J. , and Jones, C. J. C. , 2014, “ Validation of a Prediction Model for Tangent Rail Roughness and Noise Growth,” Wear, 314(1–2), pp. 261–272. [CrossRef]
Ghimire, J. P. , Matsumoto, Y. , Yamaguchi, H. , and Kurahashi, I. , 2009, “ Numerical Investigation of Noise Generation and Radiation From an Existing Modular Expansion Joint Between Prestressed Concrete Bridges,” J. Sound Vib., 328(1–2), pp. 129–147. [CrossRef]
Li, Q. , Xu, Y. L. , and Wu, D. J. , 2012, “ Concrete Bridge-Borne Low-Frequency Noise Simulation Based on Vehicle–Track–Bridge Dynamic Interaction,” J. Sound Vib., 331(10), pp. 2457–2470. [CrossRef]
Zhang, X. , Li, X. Z. , Li, X. D. , Liu, Q. M. , and Zhang, Z. J. , 2013, “ Train-Induced Vibration and Noise Radiation of a Prestressed Concrete Box-Girder,” Noise Control Eng. J., 61(4), pp. 425–435. [CrossRef]
Costley, R. D. , Alvarez, H. D. , McKenna, M. H. , and Jordan, A. M. , 2015, “ Vibration and Acoustic Analysis of Trussed Railroad Bridge Under Moving Loads,” ASME J. Vib. Acoust., 137(3), p. 031009. [CrossRef]
Li, X. Z. , Liu, Q. M. , Pei, S. L. , Song, L. Z. , and Zhang, X. , 2015, “ Structure-Borne Noise of Railway Composite Bridge: Numerical Simulation and Experimental Validation,” J. Sound Vib., 353, pp. 378–394. [CrossRef]
Li, Q. , Song, X. D. , and Wu, D. J. , 2014, “ A 2.5-Dimensional Method for the Prediction of Structure-Borne Low-Frequency Noise From Concrete Rail Transit Bridges,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 135(5), pp. 2718–2726. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Duhamel, D. , and Sergent, P. , 1998, “ Sound Propagation Over Noise Barriers With Absorbing Ground,” J. Sound Vib., 218(5), pp. 799–823. [CrossRef]
Tadeu, A. , António, J. , and Godinho, L. , 2013, “ Analytical Evaluation of the Acoustic Behavior of Multilayer Walls When Subjected to Three-Dimensional and Moving 2.5-Dimensional Loads,” ASME J. Vib. Acoust., 135(6), p. 061001. [CrossRef]
Song, X. D. , Wu, D. J. , Li, Q. , and Botteldooren, D. , 2016, “ Structure-Borne Low-Frequency Noise From Multi-Span Bridges: A Prediction Method and Spatial Distribution,” J. Sound Vib., 367, pp. 114–128. [CrossRef]
Li, Q. , Li, W. Q. , Wu, D. J. , and Song, X. D. , 2016, “ A Combined Power Flow and Infinite Element Approach to the Simulation of Medium-Frequency Noise Radiated From Bridges and Rails,” J. Sound Vib., 365, pp. 134–156. [CrossRef]
Li, Q. , Xu, Y. L. , Wu, D. J. , and Chen, Z. W. , 2010, “ Computer-Aided Nonlinear Vehicle–Bridge Interaction Analysis,” J. Vib. Control, 16(12), pp. 1791–1816. [CrossRef]
Citarella, R. , Federico, L. , Cicatiello, A. , 2007, “ Modal Acoustic Transfer Vector Approach in a FEM-BEM Vibro-Acoustic Analysis,” Eng. Anal. Boundary Elem., 31(3), pp. 248–258. [CrossRef]
Thompson, D. J. , Jones, C. J. C. , and Tumer, N. , 2003, “ Investigation Into the Validity of Two-Dimensional Models for Sound Radiation From Waves in Rails,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 113(4), pp. 1965–1974. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Dai, J. , and Lai, J. C. S. , 2001, “ Experimental Measurement of Surface Mobility Over a Rectangular Contact Area Subject to a Uniform Conphase Velocity Excitation,” Appl. Acoust., 62(7), pp. 867–874. [CrossRef]
Kim, H. S. , Kang, H. J. , and Kim, J. S. , 1994, “ Transmission of Bending Waves in Inter-Connected Rectangular Plates,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 96(3), pp. 1557–1562. [CrossRef]
International Organization for Standardization, 2005, “ Railway Applications-Acoustics-Measurement of Noise Emitted by Railbound Vehicles,” British Standards Institution, London, Standard No. ISO3095:2005.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Cross section of the box girder (unit: mm): left half for the midspan and right half for the end span

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Layout of the field points for the box girder bridge (unit:m)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Vertical acceleration level spectra of the bridge and rail (68 km/h): (a) center of bridge top slab and (b) rail head

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Longitudinal variation of sound pressure levels obtained using the 2.5D method (68 km/h): (a) bridge noise distribution along line A, (b) rail noise distribution along line A, (c) bridge noise distribution along line B, (d) rail noise distribution along line B, (e) bridge noise distribution along line D, and (f) rail noise distribution along line D

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

The 2D vibro-acoustic model: (a) dynamic model with unit harmonic forces applied to the rail, (b) dynamic model with unit harmonic forces applied to the bridge, and (c) acoustic model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Schematic diagram of the procedure for the bridge noise and rail noise prediction

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Bridge noise attenuation, box girder (68 km/h): (a) row 1, reference point 7.5 m from the track center; (b) row 1, reference point 15 m from the track center; (c) row 3, reference point 7.5 m from the track center; (d) row 3, reference point 15 m from the track center; (e) row 5, reference point 7.5 m from the track center; and (f) row 5, reference point 15 m from the track center

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Rail noise attenuation, box girder (68 km/h): (a) row 1, reference point 7.5 m from the track center; (b) row 1, reference point 15 m from the track center; (c) row 3, reference point 7.5 m from the track center; (d) row 3, reference point 15 m from the track center; (e) row 5, reference point 7.5 m from the track center; and (f) row 5, reference point 15 m from the track center

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Cross section of the U-shaped girder (unit: mm)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Layout of the field points for the U-shaped girder bridge (unit: m)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Bridge noise attenuation, U-shaped girder (68 km/h): (a) row 2, reference point 5 m from the track center; (b) row 2, reference point 12.5 m from the track center; (c) row 4, reference point 5 m from the track center; (d) row 4, reference point 12.5 m from the track center; (e) row 6, reference point 5 m from the track center; and (f) row 6, reference point 12.5 m from the track center

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Rail noise attenuation, U-shaped girder (68 km/h): (a) row 2, reference point 5 m from the track center; (b) row 2, reference point 12.5 m from the track center; (c) row 4, reference point 5 m from the track center; (d) row 4, reference point 12.5 m from the track center; (e) row 6, reference point 5 m from the track center; and (f) row 6, reference point 12.5 m from the track center

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Contour maps of the bridge and rail noise, box girder (dB (A), 68 km/h): (a) bridge noise, (b) rail noise, (c) rail noise minus bridge noise, and (d) total noise

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Contour maps of the bridge and rail noise, U-shaped girder (dB (A), 68 km/h): (a) bridge noise, (b) rail noise, (c) rail noise minus bridge noise, and (d) total noise

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Sound power radiated from the bridge under unit harmonic forces

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In