Research Papers

Semi-Exact Natural Frequencies for Kirchhoff–Love Plates Using Wave-Based Phase Closure

[+] Author and Article Information
Michael J. Leamy

George W. Woodruff School
of Mechanical Engineering,
Georgia Institute of Technology,
Atlanta, GA 30332-0405
e-mail: michael.leamy@me.gatech.edu

Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received July 27, 2015; final manuscript received November 30, 2015; published online January 20, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Mahmoud Hussein.

J. Vib. Acoust 138(2), 021008 (Jan 20, 2016) (10 pages) Paper No: VIB-15-1286; doi: 10.1115/1.4032183 History: Received July 27, 2015; Revised November 30, 2015

This paper presents semi-exact, closed-form algebraic expressions for the natural frequencies of Kirchhoff–Love plates by analyzing plane waves, their edge reflections, and their phase closure. The semi-exact nature is such that the analysis exactly satisfies plate boundary conditions along each edge when taken in isolation, but not fully when combined, and thus is approximate near a corner. As frequency increases, the expressions become increasingly more accurate. For clamped square plates, closed-form expressions are reported in algebraic form for the first time. These expressions are developed by tracing the path of plane waves as they reflect from edges while accounting for phase changes over a total trip. This change includes phase addition/subtraction due to edge reflections. A natural frequency is identified as a frequency in which three phase changes (in the plate's horizontal, vertical, and path directions) each sum to an integer multiple of 2π, enforcing phase closure along each direction. A solution of the subsequent equations is found in closed form, for multiple boundary conditions, such that highly convenient algebraic expressions result for the plate natural frequencies. The expressions are exact for the case of all sides simply supported, while for other boundary conditions, the expressions are semi-exact. For the practically important and difficult case of a fully clamped plate, the expressions for a square plate yield the first 20 nondimensional natural frequencies to within 0.06% of their exact values.

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Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Wave reflection and conversion at a supported plate edge (e.g., clamped)

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Fig. 2

Wave paths and reflections associated with waves characterized by ζ2=ξ

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Fig. 3

Wave paths and reflections associated with waves characterized by ζ2=pξ: (a) p=2, (b) p=3, and (c) p=4

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Fig. 4

Wave paths and reflections associated with waves characterized by qζ2=pξ: (a) q=2, p=3, (b) q=3, p=4, and (c) q=4, p=5

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Fig. 5

Wave paths and reflections for the case p=4, q=1 in a rectangular plate characterized by b=2a

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Fig. 6

Percent error in predicted nondimensional natural frequency as a function of mode number for a square, thin plate

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Fig. 7

Phase paths for generating the first mode (left) and the resulting real part of the mode shape predicted using the semi-exact approach (right)

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Fig. 8

Corrected first mode

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Fig. 9

Wave paths and reflections associated with waves characterized by qζ2¯=pξ¯ for an example rectangle with b=2a: (a) q=1, p=1, (b) q=1, p=2, (c) q=2, p=1, and (d) q=3, p=2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Percent error in predicted natural frequencies as a function of mode number for an example rectangular, thin plate with aspect ratio 2:1




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