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Research Papers

Torsional Dynamic Response of a Shaft With Longitudinal and Circumferential Cracks

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Abdi, H. Nayeb-Hashemi

Department of Mechanical
and Industrial Engineering,
Northeastern University,
Boston, MA 02115

A. M. S. Hamouda

Department of Mechanical
and Industrial Engineering,
Qatar University,
Doha 2713, Qatar

A. Vaziri

Department of Mechanical
and Industrial Engineering,
Northeastern University,
Boston, MA 02115
e-mail: vaziri@coe.neu.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received November 5, 2013; final manuscript received September 17, 2014; published online October 6, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Yukio Ishida.

J. Vib. Acoust 136(6), 061011 (Oct 06, 2014) (8 pages) Paper No: VIB-13-1389; doi: 10.1115/1.4028609 History: Received November 05, 2013; Revised September 17, 2014

Turbo generator shafts are often subjected to cyclic torsion resulting in formation of large longitudinal cracks as well as circumferential cracks. The presence of these cracks could greatly impact the shaft resonance frequencies. In this paper, dynamic response of a shaft with longitudinal and circumferential cracks is investigated through a comprehensive analytical study. The longitudinally cracked section of the shaft was modeled as an uncracked shaft with reduced torsional rigidity. Torsional rigidity correction factor (i.e., the ratio of torsional rigidity of the cracked shaft to that of the uncracked shaft) was obtained from finite element analysis and was shown to be only a function of crack depth to the shaft radius. The resonance frequency and frictional energy loss of a shaft with a longitudinal crack were found little affected by the presence of the crack as long as the crack depth was less than 20% of the shaft radius even if the entire shaft is cracked longitudinally. Moreover, we showed that the longitudinal crack location could be more conveniently identified by monitoring the slope of the torsional response along the shaft. The circumferential crack was modeled as a torsional spring with a torsional damping. The torsion spring and damping constants were obtained using fracture mechanics. For a shaft with both a longitudinal crack and a circumferential crack, the resonance frequency was governed by the longitudinal crack when the circumferential crack depth was less than 30% of the shaft radius.

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References

Figures

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Fig. 1

Circumferential and longitudinal cracks formation in a shaft subjected to cyclic torsion

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Fig. 2

(a) Finite element model of a shaft with a longitudinal crack subjected to torsion and (b) torsional rigidity correction factor of a shaft with a longitudinal crack computed by finite element technique, Eq. (3)

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Fig. 3

Longitudinal energy loss factor in a shaft subjected to cyclic torsion for various crack surface interactions, Eq. (13)

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Fig. 4

(a) Schematic model of a shaft with a circumferential crack and its corresponding model with torsional spring and damping and (b) schematic model of a shaft with both longitudinal and circumferential cracks

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Fig. 5

(a) The effects of longitudinal crack depth located in the middle of the shaft on its first resonance frequency for various crack length and (b) the effects of longitudinal crack length on the shaft first resonance frequency for various crack depth

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Fig. 6

(a) Effects of energy loss factor on the frequency response of a shaft with a longitudinal crack, (b) effects of the energy loss factor of a longitudinal crack on the first resonance frequency when 0≤α≤0.9, and (c) effects of the energy loss factor of a longitudinal crack on the first resonance frequency when 0≤a≤0.1

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Fig. 7

(a) First mode shape of a shaft with a longitudinal crack and (b) first derivate of the first mode shape with respect to position

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Fig. 8

(a) The effects of circumferential crack depth on the shaft first resonance frequency for various crack locations and (b) the effects of circumferential crack location on the shaft first resonance frequency for various crack depth

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Fig. 9

(a) Effects of energy loss factor on the frequency response of a shaft with a circumferential crack and (b) effects of the energy loss factor of a circumferential crack on the shaft first resonance frequency for different crack depth

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Fig. 10

The effects of circumferential crack depth on the shaft resonance frequency for various longitudinal crack depths when (a) Xc/L = 0.3, (b) Xc/L = 0.6, and (c) Xc/L = 0.9

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