Research Papers

Experimental Assessment of a New Fuzzy Controller Applied to a Flexible Rotor Supported by Active Magnetic Bearings

[+] Author and Article Information
Benjamin Defoy

LaMCoS UMR5259,
Université de Lyon,
18, rue des Sciences,
Villeurbanne 69100, France
e-mail: benjamin.defoy@insa-lyon.fr

Thomas Alban

New Product Introduction Department,
GE Oil & Gas,
480 allée G. Eiffel,
Le Creusot 71203, France
e-mail: thomas.alban@ge.com

Jarir Mahfoud

LaMCoS UMR5259,
Université de Lyon,
18, rue des Sciences,
Villeurbanne 69100, France;
Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts
et des Structures—LaMCoS,
UMR CNRS 5259,
Institut National des Sciences
Appliquées de Lyon,
Université de Lyon,
Bâtiment Jean d'Alembert,
18-20, rue des Sciences,
Villeurbanne Cedex 69621, France
e-mail: jarir.mahfoud@insa-lyon.fr

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received October 11, 2013; final manuscript received June 25, 2014; published online July 25, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Patrick S. Keogh.

J. Vib. Acoust 136(5), 051006 (Jul 25, 2014) (8 pages) Paper No: VIB-13-1358; doi: 10.1115/1.4027959 History: Received October 11, 2013; Revised June 25, 2014

The aim of this study was to develop and implement a new control approach dedicated to turbomachinery. The new, fuzzy based controller utilizes inputs expressed in polar coordinates. Its originality is that it manages two significant physical quantities, namely, tangential and radial velocities, associated with steady-state and transient behaviors, respectively. Three controllers are compared for the control of a flexible rotor supported by active magnetic bearings (AMBs): proportional-integral-derivative (PID), single-input and single-output (SISO) fuzzy and the new controller. The assessment was performed using an academic test rig and the results obtained with the new controller show that performances were enhanced with equivalent levels of stability and robustness.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Maslen, E. H., 2008, “Smart Machine Advances in Rotating Machinery,” 9th IMechE International Conference on Vibrations in Rotating Machinery, Exeter, UK, September 8–10, pp. 3–14.
Ransom, D., Masala, A., Moore, J., Vannini, G., and Camatti, M., 2009, “Numerical and Experimental Simulation of a Vertical High Speed Motor Compressor Rotor Drop Onto Catcher Bearings,” J. Syst. Des. Dyn., 3(4), pp. 596–606. [CrossRef]
Swann, M. K., Sarichev, A. P., and Tsunoda, E., 2008, “A Diffusion Model for Active Magnetic Bearing Systems in Large Turbomachinery,” Eleventh International Symposium on Magnetic Bearings (ISMB 11), Nara, Japan, August 26–29, pp. 380–384.
Schweitzer, G., and Maslen, E. H., 2009, Magnetic Bearings, Theory, Design, and Application to Rotating Machinery, Springer, Berlin, pp. 535.
Couzon, P.-Y., and Der Hagopian, J., 2007, “Neuro-Fuzzy Active Control of Rotor Suspended on Active Magnetic Bearing,” J. Vib. Control, 13(4), pp. 365–384. [CrossRef]
Chen, K., Tung, P., Tsai, M., and Fan, Y., 2009, “A Self-Tuning Fuzzy PID-Type Controller Design for Unbalance Compensation in an Active Magnetic Bearing,” Expert Syst. Appl., 36(4), pp. 8560–8570. [CrossRef]
Font, S., Duc, G., and Carrere, F., 1997, “Commande Fréquentielle Robuste—Application aux Paliers Magnétiques,” Techniques de l'ingénieur, Mesures Analyses, Reference 7432, http://www.techniques-ingenieur.fr/base-documentaire/electronique-automatique-th13/regulation-et-commande-des-systemes-asservis-42394210/commande-frequentielle-robuste-r7432/
Sahinkaya, N. M., Abulrub, A.-H. G., Burrows, C. R., and Keogh, P. S., 2010, “A Multiobjective Adaptive Controller for Magnetic Bearing Systems,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 132(12), p. 122503. [CrossRef]
Fittro, R. L., and Knospe, C. R., 2002, “The μ Approach to Control of Active Magnetic Bearings,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 124(3), pp. 566–570. [CrossRef]
Li, G., Lin, Z., Allaire, P. E., and Luo, J., 2006, “Modelling of a High Speed Rotor Test Rig With Active Magnetic Bearings,” ASME J. Vib. Acoust., 128(3), pp. 269–271. [CrossRef]
Lei, S., and Palazzolo, A. B., 2008, “Control of Flexible Rotor Systems With Active Magnetic Bearings,” J. Sound Vib., 314(1–2), pp. 19–38. [CrossRef]
Spirig, M., Schmied, J., Jenckel, P., and Kanne, U., 2002, “Three Practical Examples of Magnetic Bearing Control Design Using a Modern Tool,” ASME J. Eng. Gas. Turbines Power, 124(4), pp. 1025–1031. [CrossRef]
ISO, 2002, “Mechanical Vibration—Vibration of Rotating Machinery Equipped With Active Magnetic Bearings—Part 1: Vocabulary,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard ISO 14839-1:2002.
ISO, 2004, “Mechanical Vibration—Vibration of Rotating Machinery Equipped With Active Magnetic Bearings—Part 2: Evaluation of Vibration,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard ISO 14839-2:2004.
ISO, 2006, “Mechanical Vibration—Vibration of Rotating Machinery Equipped With Active Magnetic Bearings—Part 3: Evaluation of Stability Margin,” International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, Standard ISO 14839-3:2006.
API, 2002, “Axial and Centrifugal Compressors and Expander–Compressors for Petroleum, Chemical and Gas Industry Service,” 7th ed., American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC, API Standard 617.
Mahfoud, J., and Der Hagopian, J., 2011, “Fuzzy Active Control of Flexible Structures by Using Electromagnetic Actuators,” ASCE J. Aerosp. Eng., 24(3), pp. 329–337. [CrossRef]
Mahlis, M., Gaudiller, L., and Der Hagopian, J., 2005, “Fuzzy Modal Active Control of the Dynamic Behavior of Flexible Structures,” J. Vib. Control, 11(1), pp. 67–88. [CrossRef]
Borne, P., Rozinoer, J., Dieulot, J.-Y., and Dubois, L., 1998, Introduction à la commande floue, Edition Technip, Paris, pp. 102.
Fuh, C.-C., and Tung, P.-C., 1997, “Robust Stability Analysis of Fuzzy Control Systems,” Fuzzy Sets Syst., 88(3), pp. 289–298. [CrossRef]
Golob, M., and Tovornik, B., 2003, “Modeling and Control of a Magnetic Suspension System,” ISA Trans., 42(1), pp. 89–100. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Qiao, W. Z., and Mizumoto, M., 1996, “PID Type Fuzzy Controller and Parameters Adaptive Method,” Fuzzy Sets Syst., 78(1), pp. 23–35. [CrossRef]
Hawkins, L. A., Murphy, B. T., and Kajs, J., 2000, “Analysis and Testing of a Magnetic Bearing Energy Storage Flywheel With Gain Scheduled, MIMO Control,” ASME Turbo Expo, Munich, Germany, May 8–11, ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-405.
Park, J., Palazzolo, A., and Beach, R., 2008, “MIMO Active Vibration Control of Magnetically Suspended Flywheels for Satellite IPAC Service,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Control, 130(4), p. 041005. [CrossRef]
Lalanne, M., and Ferraris, G., 1998, Rotordynamics Prediction in Engineering, 2nd ed., Wiley, Chichester, UK, p. 252.
MathWorks, 2014, “The MathWorks—Matlab and Simulink for Technical Computing,” The MathWorks Inc., Natick, MA, www.mathworks.com
Javier Traver, V., and Bernardino, A., 2010, “A Review of Log-Polar Imaging for Visual Perception in Robotics,” Rob. Autonom. Syst., 58(4), pp. 378–398. [CrossRef]
Astolfi, A., 1999, “Exponential Stabilization of a Wheeled Mobile Robot Via Discontinuous Control,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst. Meas. Control, 121(1), pp. 121–126. [CrossRef]


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Finite element model of the rotor

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Scheme of the numerical model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Schemes of the controllers

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Standardized stiffness and damping

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

SISO fuzzy surface

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Displacements due to unbalance and low frequency perturbation

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Principle of the polar fuzzy controller

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Experimental unbalance responses

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Rotor orbit at 10,000 rpm




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In