To analyze the excitation mechanism of self-excited oscillation in a beam that is in contact with a moving floor surface such as a cleaning blade, which is a beam mounted in a laser printer to clean the photoreceptor, we study a beam subjected to Coulomb friction and theoretically predict the occurrence of self-excited oscillation through mode-coupling instability. We present an extensible beam model, and derive its governing nonlinear equations by means of special Cosserat theory, which allows for the extensibility of the beam to be considered. The boundary conditions on the end of the beam are unique because the end of the beam makes contact with the moving floor surface. We used a discretized linearized governing equation and performed linear stability analysis. The results indicate that self-excited oscillation in the beam is produced due to both Coulomb friction and mode coupling of the bending and extension of the beam based on the extensibility in the axial direction.