In this paper, we present a design of locally resonant (LR) beams using periodic arrays of beam-like resonators (or beam-like vibration absorbers) attached to a thin homogeneous beam. The main purpose of this work is twofold: (i) providing a theoretical characterization of the proposed LR beams, including the band gap behavior of infinite systems and the vibration transmittance of finite structures, and (ii) providing experimental evidence of the associated band gap properties, especially the coexistence of LR and Bragg band gaps, and their evolution with tuned local resonance. For the first purpose, an analytical method based on the spectral element formulations is presented, and then an in-depth numerical study is performed to examine the band gap effects. In particular, explicit formulas are provided to enable an exact calculation of band gaps and an approximate prediction of band gap edges. For the second purpose, we fabricate several LR beam specimens by mounting 16 equally spaced resonators onto a free-free host beam. These specimens use the same host beam, but the resonance frequencies of the resonators on each beam are different. We further measure the vibration transmittances of these specimens, which give evidence of three interesting band gap phenomena: (i) transition between LR and Bragg band gaps; (ii) near-coupling effect of the local resonance and Bragg scattering; and (iii) resonance frequency of local resonators outside of the LR band gap.