The effects of replacing rolling element bearings with journal bearings on the noise and vibration of a simple gearbox are computationally and experimentally evaluated. A modified component mode synthesis (CMS) approach is used, where the component modes of the shafting and gearbox housing are modeled using finite element analysis (FEA). Instead of using component modes with free boundary conditions, which is typical of CMS, the shafting and gearbox are coupled using nominal impedances computed for the different bearing types, improving convergence of the solution. Methods for computing the actual bearing impedances, including the high damping coefficients in journal bearings, are summarized. The sound radiated by the gearbox is computed using a boundary element (BE) model. The modeling results are validated against measurements made at the NASA Glenn Research Center. Both simulations and measurements reveal that the journal bearings, although highly damped, do not necessarily lead to strong reductions in gearbox vibration and noise.