This paper presents an investigation of the use of a volume-choke-volume low-pass filter to achieve gas pulsation attenuation in a reciprocating compressor piping system, with a focus on its frequency response characteristics and influence on the actual attenuation effects. A three-dimensional acoustic model of the gas pulsation was established for a compressor discharge piping system with and without the volume-choke-volume filter, based on which the gas column natural frequencies of the piping system and the pressure wave profiles were predicted by means of the finite element method. The model was validated by comparing the predicted results with the experimental data. The results showed that the characteristic frequency of the filter was sensitive to both diameter and length of the choke but independent of the parameters of the piping beyond the filter. It is worth noting that the characteristic frequency of the filter constituted one order of the gas column natural frequencies of the piping system with the filter. The pressure pulsation levels in the piping system downstream of the filter could be significantly attenuated especially for the pulsation components at frequencies above the filter’s characteristic frequency. The measured peak-to-peak pressure pulsation at the outlet of the filter was approximately 61.7% lower than that of the surge bottle with the same volume.