RESEARCH PAPERS: Vibration and Sound

Critical Speeds of Turbomachinery: Computer Predictions vs. Experimental Measurements—Part II: Effect of Tilt-Pad Bearings and Foundation Dynamics

[+] Author and Article Information
J. M. Vance

Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843

B. T. Murphy

Rocketdyne Division, Rockwell International, Canoga, Park, CA 91304

H. A. Tripp

Shell Development Company

J. Vib. Acoust. 109(1), 8-14 (Jan 01, 1987) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3269401 History: Received August 01, 1986; Online November 23, 2009


This is the second of two papers describing results of a research project directed at verifying computer programs used to calculate critical speeds of turbomachinery. This part describes measurements made to determine the characteristics of tilt-pad bearings and foundation dynamics. Critical speeds of a 166 kg laboratory rotor on tilt-pad bearings are then compared with predictions from a state-of-the-art damped eigenvalue computer program. Measured natural frequencies of a steam turbine are also compared with computer predictions. Accuracy of critical speed prediction is shown to depend on accuracy of 1) the “free-free” rotor models, 2) the bearing stiffness and damping coefficients, and 3) the dynamic properties of the foundation, which can be represented by an impedance that must be determined by experimental measurements.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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