A New Look at Sound Generation by Blade/Vortex Interaction

[+] Author and Article Information
J. C. Hardin, J. P. Mason

NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va. 23665

J. Vib., Acoust., Stress, and Reliab 107(2), 224-228 (Apr 01, 1985) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3269248 History: Received August 07, 1984; Online November 23, 2009


As a preliminary attempt to understand the dynamics of blade/vortex interaction, the two-dimensional problem of a rectilinear vortex filament interacting with a Joukowski airfoil is analyzed in both the lifting and nonlifting cases. The vortex velocity components could be obtained analytically and integrated to determine the vortex trajectory. With this information, the aeroacoustic low-frequency Green’s function approach could then be employed to calculate the sound produced during the encounter. The results indicate that the vortex path deviates considerably from simple convection due to the presence of the airfoil and that a reasonably sharp sound pulse is radiated during the interaction whose fundamental frequency is critically dependent upon whether the vortex passes above or below the airfoil. Determination of this gross parameter of the interaction is shown to be highly nonlinearly dependent upon airfoil circulation, vortex circulation, and initial position.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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