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RESEARCH PAPERS: Fatigue, Fracture, and Failure Analysis

Fatigue Design of Machine Elements Under Cumulative Damage Effect, Using Bagci’s Fatigue Failure Surface Line

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Bagci

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tenn. 38505

J. Vib., Acoust., Stress, and Reliab 106(4), 466-475 (Oct 01, 1984) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3269222 History: Received June 13, 1983; Online November 23, 2009

Abstract

A thorough review of the state-of-the-art of determining fatigue life of machine and structural members considering cumulative damage effect under varying stress amplitudes is given. Among the many proposed theories, Miner’s linear damage rule is seen to be as reliable as any other rule alleged to be an improvement for predicting fatigue life under cumulative damage effects. Its simplicity and amenability for easy modification have in fact been the basis for some other theories and used in design codes. In its original form, Miner’s rule, however does not account for fatigue strength reducing factors. Observing fatigue data on the effects of fatigue strength reducing factors, the article offers a modified form of the Miner’s rule to consider the effects of fatigue strength reducing factors, such as the notch, reliability, surface finish, size, and environmental factors. The mean stress effect and material properties are incorporated utilizing Bagci’s mean stress line and the S-N diagram. The safe fatigue life of a component subjected to stresses of varying magnitudes becomes

Ns=df/i=1s(αi/10zi)
where
zi=A{B−log(pig/Rf)
  +log[1−(pi/mi)r]}
in the i th block of stress range, R f being the resultant of fatigue strength reducing factors; A, B, g are parameters defined by material properties, p i is the ratio of the basic alternating stress times the factor of safety (the failure value) to the yield strength of the material, and m i is the slope of the load line in the ith block of loading. Design charts for z i for steel and aluminum alloys for cases with and without basic mean stress for r =4 are given. Numerical examples are included. Therefore, the article offers the most general form of the Miner’s rule for designers’ use for fatigue design considering cumulative damage effect.

Copyright © 1984 by ASME
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