To investigate the effect of oil film force on a geared rotor system, a short journal bearing model was applied to represent nonlinear oil film force. A dynamic model of the geared rotor oil journal bearing system was presented. The nonlinear gear mesh force and nonlinear oil film force were considered in the model. The nonlinear dynamic responses of the system were investigated by numerical integration method. This article shows that when the rotational speed is relatively low, the vibration of the system is mainly affected by nonlinear mesh force. With the increase of rotational speed, the influence of nonlinear oil film force also increases gradually, and the subsynchronous forward precession phenomena appear. When the speed increases to a certain value, the amplitude of the subsynchronous forward precession exceeds the amplitude of the rotational frequency, and the nonlinear mesh force is greatly affected by the nonlinear oil film force. However, the linear oil film force does not affect the nonlinear mesh force. The subsynchronous forward precession is difficult to be predicted by linear oil film force which was previously applied. This experiment is performed to validate the correctness of the dynamic model presented, and the numerical integration results of low speeds are validated by the experimental data.