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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Identification of Multi-Axle Vehicle Loads on Bridges

[+] Author and Article Information
Ling Yu

Blasting and Vibration Department, Changjiang River Scientific Research Institute, 23 Huangpu Street, Wuhan, Hubei, 430010 P.R. China

Tommy H. T. Chan

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong

J. Vib. Acoust 126(1), 17-26 (Feb 26, 2004) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1641391 History: Received February 01, 2002; Revised June 01, 2003; Online February 26, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Force , Stress , Vehicles , Equations
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References

Ting,  E. C., and Yener,  M., 1983, “Vehicle-Structure Interaction in Bridge Dynamics,” Shock Vib. Dig., 15(2), pp. 3–9.
Yang,  Y. B., and Yau,  J. D., 1997, “Vehicle-Bridge Interaction Element for Dynamic Analysis,” J. Struct. Eng., 123(11), pp. 1512–1518.
Yang,  Y. B., and Wu,  Y. S., 2001, “A Versatile Element for ANalysing Vehicle-Bridge Interaction Responses,” Eng. Struct., 23, pp. 452–469.
Cantieni, R., 1992, “Dynamic Behavior of Highway Bridge under the Passage of Heavy Vehicles,” Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research (EMPA) Report, Vol. 220 , 240p.
Peters, R. J., 1986, “An Unmanned and Undetectable Highway Speed Vehicle Weighing System,” Proceedings of 13th ARRB and 5th REAAA Combined Conference, Vol. 6, pp. 70–83.
Chan,  T. H. T., and O’Conner,  C., 1990, “Wheel Loads from Highway Bridge Strains: Field Studies,” ASCE J. Struct. Eng., 116, pp. 1751–1771.
Steven, K. K., 1987, “Force Identification Problems-an Overview,” Proceedings of SEM Spring Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Florida, pp. 838–844.
Dobson,  B. J., and Rider,  E., 1990, “A Review of the Indirect Calculation of Excitation Forces from Measured Structural Response Data,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C (J. Mech. Eng. Sci.), 204, pp. 69–75.
Law,  S. S., Chan,  T. H. T., and Zeng,  Q. H., 1997, “Moving Force Identification: A Time Domain Method,” J. Sound Vib., 201, pp. 1–22.
Law,  S. S., Chan,  T. H. T., and Zeng,  Q. H., 1999, “Moving Force Identification-A Frequency and Time Domain Analysis,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 121, pp. 394–401.
Chan,  T. H. T., Law,  S. S., Yung,  T. H., and Yuan,  X. R., 1999, “An Interpretive Method for Moving Force Identification,” J. Sound Vib., 219, pp. 503–524.
Yu, L., 2001, “Accounting for Bridge Dynamic Loads using Moving Force Identification System (MFIS),” Ph.D. Thesis, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
Chan,  T. H. T., Yu,  L., and Law,  S. S., 2000, “Comparative Studies on Moving Force Identification from Bridge Strains in Laboratory,” J. Sound Vib., 235(1), pp. 87–104.
Chan,  T. H. T., Yu,  L., Law,  S. S., and Yung,  T. H., 2001a, “Moving Force Identification Studies, I: Theory,” J. Sound Vib., 247(1), pp. 59–76.
Chan,  T. H. T., Yu,  L., Law,  S. S., and Yung,  T. H., 2001b, “Moving Force Identification Studies, II: Comparative Studies,” J. Sound Vib., 247(1), pp. 77–95.
Hwang,  E. S., and Nowak,  A. S., 1991, “Simulation of Dynamic Load for Bridges,” ASCE J. Struct. Eng., 117, pp. 1413–1434.
Fafard,  M., Bennur,  M., and Savard,  M., 1996, “A General Multi-Axle Vehicle Model to Study the Bridge-Vehicle Interaction,” Eng. COmputations , 15(5), pp. 491–508.
Bendat, J. S., and Piersol, A. G., 1993, Engineering Application of Correlation and Spectral Analysis, 2nd Edition, John Wiley, New York.
Lindfield, G., and Penny, J., 1995, Numerical Method using Matlab, Ellis London, Horwood Limit.,
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Chan, T. H. T., and Yung, T. H., 2000, “Identification of Bridge-Friendly Vehicles from Different Vehicle Frames,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Structural Engineering, Hong Kong, 13-115 December, pp. 577–584.
AASHTO, 1996, Standard Specification for Highway Bridges, American Association of State Highway and Transportation, Washington, D.C.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Layout of experimental setup
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Calibration factors of system
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Identified loads at different sampling frequencies
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Identified loads by FTDM for non- and articulated vehicles (20:80:80 N)
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Identified three-axle loads by TDM & FTDM as NS=6
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Moving load identification model
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A typical measured bending moment response

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