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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Analysis of Triaxial Vibration Data for Health Monitoring of Helicopter Gearboxes

[+] Author and Article Information
Irem Y. Tumer, Edward M. Huff

Computational Sciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035

J. Vib. Acoust 125(1), 120-128 (Jan 06, 2003) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1526130 History: Received August 01, 2001; Revised September 01, 2002; Online January 06, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Choy, F. K., Huang, S., Zakrajsek, J. J., Handschuh, R. F., and Townsend, D. P., 1994, “Vibration Signature Analysis of a Faulted Gear Transmission System,” NASA Technical Memorandum, NASA TM-106623/ARL-TR-475/AIAA-94-2937, June.
Lewicki, D. G., and Coy, J. J., 1987, “Vibration Characteristics of OH58a Helicopter Main Rotor Transmission,” NASA Technical Paper, NASA TP-2705/AVSCOM TR 86-C-42.
McFadden,  P. D., 1991, “A Technique for Calculating the Time Domain Averages of the Vibration of the Individual Planet Gears and the Sun Gear in an Epicyclic Gearbox,” J. Sound Vib., 144(1), pp. 163–172.
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Huff,  E. M., Tumer,  I. Y., Barszcz,  E., Dzwonczyk,  M., and McNames,  J., 2002, “Analysis of Maneuvering Effects on Transmission Vibrations in an AH-1 Cobra Helicopter,” J. Am. Helicopter Soc., 47(1), pp. 42–49, January.
Huff, E. M., Tumer, I. Y., and Mosher, M., 2001, “An Experimental Comparison of Transmission Vibration Responses from OH58C and AH1 Helicopters,” American Helicopter Society 57th Annual Forum, Washington, D.C., May.
Zacksenhouse,  M., Braun,  S., and Feldman,  M., 2000, “Toward Helicopter Gearbox Diagnostics from a Small Number of Examples,” Mech. Syst. Signal Process., 14(4), pp. 523–543.
Larder, B. D., 1997, “An Analysis of HUMS Vibration Diagnostic Capabilities,” American Helicopter Society 53rd Annual Forum, Virginia Beach, VA, May.
Samuel, P. D., and Pines, D. J., 2000, “Vibration Separation and Diagnostics of Planetary Gears,” American Helicopter Society 56th Annual Forum, Virginia Beach, VA, May.
Pryor, A., Mosher, M., and Lewicki, D., 2001, “The Application of Time-Frequency Methods to HUMS,” American Helicopter Society 57th Annual Forum, Washington, D.C., May.
Tumer, I. Y., and Huff, E. M., 2001, “Using Triaxial Accelerometer Data for Vibration Monitoring of Helicopter Gearboxes,” ASME Mechanical Vibration and Noise Conference, Vol. DETC2001/VIB-21755, Pittsburgh, PA, September.
Tumer, I. Y., and Huff, E. M., 2002, “Principal Components Analysis of Triaxial Vibration Data from Helicopter Transmissions,” 56th Meeting of the Society for Machinery Failure Prevention Technology, Virginia Beach, VA, April.
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Figures

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Gearbox transmission housing
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3D plot of the triaxial vibration data (TSP data, flight 1, file 4, maneuver FFLS)
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Scores: variation of the PCs in observations (TSP data, flight 1, file 4, maneuver FFLS)
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First principal component and its angles
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Power spectra in X,Y, and Z directions. TSP data, flight 1, file 4, maneuver FFLS.
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Power spectra in X,Y, and Z directions. TSF data, flight 1, file 4, maneuver FFLS.
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Power spectra in X,Y, and Z directions, TSC data, flight 1, file 4, maneuver FFLS
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Power spectra of triaxial vibration data in X,Y, and Z directions versus power spectra of scores from principal components analysis. Flight 1, file 3, maneuver hover and flight 1, file 4, maneuver FFLS.
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Change in theta angles for first principal component. All maneuvers, flights 1 and 2.
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Change in theta angles, TSP data, flights 1–8
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Change in alpha angles, TSP data, flights 1–8
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Experiment-wide PCA score vectors (the first N=512 points are shown for comparison with individual case)
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Power spectra for the experiment-wide PCA scores (Nfft=512)

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