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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Vehicle Evaluation of the Performance of Magneto Rheological Dampers for Heavy Truck Suspensions

[+] Author and Article Information
David Simon, Mehdi Ahmadian

Advanced Vehicle Dynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech, MC-0238, Blacksburg, VA 24061

J. Vib. Acoust 123(3), 365-375 (Feb 01, 2001) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1376721 History: Received October 01, 2000; Revised February 01, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Topics: Dampers , Vehicles , Trucks
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References

Gillespie, T. D., 1985, “Heavy Truck Ride,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Special Publications No. SP-607, February.
Elmadany, M. M., 1980, “An Assessment of Ride Quality of Heavy-Duty Trucks,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Publication No. 801418, November.
Elmadany, M. M., and Dokainish, M. A., 1980, “Optimum Design of Tractor-Semitrailer Suspension Systems,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Publication No. 801419, November.
Laird, L. A., 1987, “Measurement and Presentation of Truck Ride Vibrations,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Publication No. J1490, January.
Stribersky, A., and Francher, P. S., 1988, “The Non-linear Behavior of Heavy-Duty Truck Combinations With Respect to Straight Line Stability,” American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Publication No. 88-WA/DSC-37, November.
Elmadany,  M. M., 1987, “Nonlinear Ride Analysis of Heavy Trucks,” Comput. Struct., 25, No. 1, pp. 69–82.
Hedrick, J. K., 1973, “Some Optimal Control Techniques Applicable to Suspension System Design,” American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Publication No. 73-ICT-55.
Hac,  A., 1985, “Suspension Optimization of a 2-DOF Vehicle Model Using Stochastic Optimal Control Technique” J. Sound Vib., 100, No. 3, pp. 343–357.
Crosby, M. J., and Karnopp, D. C., 1973, “The Active Damper,” Shock Vib. Bulletin, 43 , Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C.
Thompson,  A. G., 1984, “Optimal and Suboptimal Linear Active Suspensions for Road Vehicles,” Vehicle System Dynamics, 13, pp. 61–72.
Chalasani, R. M., 1986 (a), “Ride Performance Potential of Active Suspension Systems-Part I: Simplified Analysis Based on a Quarter-Car Model,” Proceedings of 1986 ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, CA.
Chalasani, R. M., 1986 (b), “Ride Performance Potential of Active Suspension Systems-Part II: Comprehensive Analysis Based on a Full-Car Model,” ASME Symposium on Simulation and Control of Ground Vehicles and Transportation Systems, AMD-Vol. 80, DSC-Vol. 2, pp. 187–204.
Karnopp, D. C., and Crosby, M. J., 1974 (a), “System for Controlling the Transmission of Energy Between Spaced Members,” U.S. Patent 3,807,678, April.
Krasnicki, E. J., 1980, “Comparison of Analytical and Experimental Results for a Semiactive Vibration Isolator,” Shock Vib. Bulletin, 50 , September.
Margolis, D. L., 1983, “The Approximate Frequency Response of Semiactive Systems Requiring No Computer,” J. Franklin Inst., 316 , No. 3, September.
Malsbury, T. N., 1985, “Semiactive Control of a Parallel Flow Path Vibration Isolator,” Master of Science Thesis, University of California at Davis, California.
Karnopp, D., Crosby, M. M., and Harwood, R. A., 1974 (b), “Vibration Control Using Semiactive Force Generators,” ASME J. Eng. Ind., pp. 619–626.
Carlson, J. D., 1994, “The Promise of Controllable Fluids,” 4th International Conference on New Actuators, Actuator 94, pp. 266–270.
Rabinow,  J., 1948, “The Magnetic Fluid Clutch,” AIEE Trans., 67, pp. 1308–1315.
Simns,  N. D., Stanway,  R., and Johnson,  A. R., 1999, “Vibration Control Using Smart Fluids: A State-of-the-Art Review,” Shock Vib. Dig., 31, pp. 195–203.
Ahmadian, M., 1993, “Ride Evaluation of a Class 8 Truck with Semiactive Suspensions,” Advanced Automotive Technologies, ASME, DSC-Vol 52k.
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Figures

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Ride comfort and vehicle handling compromise for passive dampers
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Schematic of twin-tube magneto-rheological dampers for heavy trucks
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A side-by-side comparison of magneto-rheological (MR) and passive stock dampers for heavy trucks
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Ideal performance of MR dampers used in this study
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Comparison between the MR damper force range and passive dampers force
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Passive-damper approximation of skyhook control dampers
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Rear passenger-side accelerometers
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Tri-axis accelerometer location behind the driver
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Instrumentation and data flow schematic
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Volvo VN heavy truck, Model 770 with the test trailer
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Location of MR dampers on test vehicle
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MR dampers installed on the front axle
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MR dampers installed on the rear axle
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Sample plot of acceleration data
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Acceleration results: average RMS acceleration for the test vehicle w/MR dampers and skyhook control policy
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Acceleration results: average RMS acceleration for the test vehicle with original dampers
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Sample plots of front passenger-side (A-Side) frame displacement
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Peak acceleration comparison
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RMS acceleration comparison
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Peak displacement comparison
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RMS displacement comparison
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Percent increase of acceleration peak intensity: controlled MR vs. original (transient)
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Percent increase of RMS acceleration: controlled MR vs. original dampers (steady state)
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Percent increase of acceleration peak intensity: controlled MR vs. original (steady state)

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