Identification of the Dynamic Characteristics of Long Annular Seals Using a Time Domain Technique

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Ismail

VIPAC Scientists and Engineers, Sydney, Australia

R. D. Brown

Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK

J. Vib. Acoust 120(3), 705-712 (Jul 01, 1998) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2893887 History: Received December 01, 1993; Revised February 01, 1997; Online February 26, 2008


This paper describes experimental results from a research program aimed at a study of the static and dynamic characteristics of liquid long annular seals. A seal test rig permits the identification in the time domain of mass, stiffness, and damping coefficients using a least-squares technique based on the singular value decomposition method. The experimental method relies on the forced excitation of a flexibly supported stator by two hydraulic shakers. The forcing signal is composed from a small number of frequencies which are not related to the rotational frequency of the rigid shaft rotating inside the stator. The test data consisting of two inertia, four stiffness, and four damping coefficients is compared with theoretical predictions based on two theoretical models: (i) the model of Black et al. (1971 and 1981) and (ii) the model of Childs and Kim (1985).

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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