Rotor Vibration Due to Collision With Annular Guard During Passage Through Critical Speed

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Yanabe, S. Kaneko

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, 940-21, Japan

Y. Kanemitsu

Ebara Research Co., Ltd., Fuzisawa, Kanagawa, 257, Japan

N. Tomi, K. Sugiyama

Ebara Corporation, Ohota-ku Tokyo, 144, Japan

J. Vib. Acoust 120(2), 544-550 (Apr 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2893863 History: Received April 01, 1994; Online February 26, 2008


This paper deals with a nonstationary vibration of a rotor due to its collision with a guard during passage through a critical speed. An unbalanced rigid rotor supported by springs and dampers is accelerated at a constant angular acceleration and collides with an annular guard supported by springs and dampers. This dynamic process is calculated by the Runge-Kutta method, and effects of system-parameters on the process are discussed. The collision phenomenon is analyzed through two different theories. In the collision theory, the law of conservation of momentum and the coefficient of restitution are used in order to obtain rotor and guard velocities after collision. The impulse of the force induced by collision is assumed to be equal to the momentum change before and after collision. In the contact force theory, the contact force is assumed to be proportional to the overlapped displacement of the two bodies. Few differences are observed between the calculated responses based on the two theories. In some cases, the rotor executes a diverging backward whirl due to the friction force that occurs during collision with the guard and can not pass through the critical speed. The criteria maps for nonoccurrence of the backward whirl are shown.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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