Effects of Normal Strain in Core Material on Modal Property of Sandwich Plates

[+] Author and Article Information
Byung-Chan Lee, Kwang-Joon Kim

Center for Noise and Vibration Control, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KAIST Science Town, Taejon 305-701, Korea

J. Vib. Acoust 119(4), 493-503 (Oct 01, 1997) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2889751 History: Received June 01, 1995; Online February 26, 2008


In vibration analysis of sandwich beam/plates, it is often assumed that there is shear deformation only, without extension or compression in the viscoelastic layer. Certainly, this assumption may have limitations, for example, with increase of the core thickness or frequency range of vibration. The purpose of this paper is to consider the normal, as well as shear strain of the core material for modal parameter estimation of the sandwich plates and to investigate how much error will be caused by neglecting the extension or compression in the core material. Natural frequencies and modal loss factors are estimated for a simply supported square plate by taking the normal as well as shear deformation into account for dynamic modeling. Nondimensional characteristic equations are formulated and solved numerically for various ratios of the base layer thickness to plate length, core layer thickness to base layer, constraining layer thickness to base layer, and shear modulus of core material to elastic modulus of base layer. The effects of the various parameters on the modal properties are shown to be intercorrelated to each other and hence difficult to summarize in one phrase. Normal deformation of the core material plays an important role when the thickness ratio of constraining layer to base layer is 0.5 and its Poisson’s ratio is smaller than 0.49, and hence need to be included in the dynamic modeling especially for estimation of modal damping when one of the following conditions are met; 1) the ratio of base layer thickness to plate length is greater than 0.02, 2) the thickness ratio of core layer to base layer is greater than 0.01, 3) the wavelength of a mode is less than one third of the plate length, 4) the ratio of shear modulus of core material to elastic modulus of base material is less than 10−5 .

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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