Transient Response Technique Applied to Active Magnetic Bearing Machinery During Rotor Drop

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Ishii, R. Gordon Kirk

Mechanical Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

J. Vib. Acoust 118(2), 154-163 (Apr 01, 1996) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2889643 History: Received January 01, 1993; Online February 26, 2008


The active magnetic bearing (AMB) is a relatively new technology which has many advantages compared with conventional bearing design. In an AMB system, the rolling-element back-up bearings are indispensable to protect the magnetic bearing rotor and stator, and other stationary seals along the rotor shaft. In this paper, a theoretical formulation is proposed and solved numerically to examine the transient response of the flexible rotor, from the time just previous to when the AMB shuts down and including the rotor drop onto the back-up bearing. The backward whirl of the rotor, which may lead to the destructive damage of the machinery, has been analytically predicted at very light support damping and very high support damping. Also, the vibration due to the nonlinearity of the contact point geometry has been included in the analysis. The influence of the support damping on the displacement of the disk and also the contact force between the journal and the inner-race of the back-up bearing have been computed for various rotor system parameters. By comparing these results with the optimum support damping for the simple flexible rotor model, it is shown that this support damping optimization can be applicable for specifying the required optimum range of support damping for the back-up bearings of AMB systems.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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