Passive and Active Control of a Complex Flexible Structure Using Reaction Mass Actuators

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Garcia

Smart Structures Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235

Captain S. Webb

Department of Engineering Mechanics, US Air Force Academy, CO 80840-6528

Major J. Duke

Frank J. Seiler Research Laboratory, US Air Force Academy, CO 80840-6528

J. Vib. Acoust 117(1), 116-122 (Jan 01, 1995) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2873854 History: Received February 01, 1993; Online February 26, 2008


Passive and active control have been performed on a flexible structure possessing complex modal behavior. Specifically, the structure has closely spaced modes which created a “beat phenomena” in the structure’s vibrations. Reaction mass actuators (RMAs) were used to suppress the structural vibrations with both passive and active control schemes. The results of using both types of control systems were compared both analytically and experimentally. It was determined that, although passive tuning of the RMAs did suppress the structure’s vibrations, additionally applying active control to the optimally tuned RMAs did not significantly increase the system’s vibration suppression performance. However, by choosing the actuator’s characteristics from active control considerations, an active strategy utilizing a local velocity feedback controller suppressed structural vibrations and reduced the active system’s settling time to 20 percent of the settling time with passive damping. Both the passive and the active control were found to be a significant improvement over the structure’s open-loop response.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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