Nonlinear Resonances in a Flexible Cantilever Beam

[+] Author and Article Information
T. J. Anderson, B. Balachandran, A. H. Nayfeh

Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

J. Vib. Acoust 116(4), 480-484 (Oct 01, 1994) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2930452 History: Received February 01, 1993; Online June 17, 2008


An experimental investigation into the response of a nonlinear continuous systems with many natural frequencies in the range of interest is presented. The system is a flexible cantilever beam whose first four natural frequencies are 0.65 Hz, 5.65 Hz, 16.19 Hz, and 31.91 Hz, respectively. The four natural frequencies correspond to the first four flexural modes. The fourth natural frequency is about fifty times the first natural frequency. Three cases were considered with this beam. For the first case, the beam was excited with a periodic base motion along its axis. The excitation frequency fe was near twice the third natural frequency f3 , which for a uniform isotropic beam corresponds to approximately the fourth natural frequency f4 . Thus the third mode was excited by a principal parametric resonance (i.e., fe ≈ 2f3 ) and the fourth mode was excited by an external resonance (i.e., fe ≈ f4 ) due to a slight curvature in the beam. Modal interactions were observed involving the first, third, and fourth modes. For the second case, the beam was excited with a band-limited random base motion transverse to the axis of the beam. The first and second modes were excited through nonlinear interactions. For the third case, the beam was excited with a base excitation along the axis of the beam at 138 Hz. The corresponding response was dominated by the second mode. The tools used to analyze the motions include Fourier spectra, Poincaré sections, and dimension calculations.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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