Surface Waves in Functionally Gradient Piezoelectric Plates

[+] Author and Article Information
G. R. Liu

Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, S0511, Singapore

J. Tani

Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980, Japan

J. Vib. Acoust 116(4), 440-448 (Oct 01, 1994) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2930447 History: Received June 01, 1991; Revised March 01, 1993; Online June 17, 2008


The hybrid numerical method, which has been proposed by the present authors for wave propagation analysis in anisotropic laminated plates, is extended for functionally gradient piezoelectric material (FGPM) plates. The properties of the plate changes continuously in the thickness direction. Characteristics of waves in the plates, and responses of the plates in the time and frequency domain are considered. A technique for calculating responses in the frequency domain is presented. Energy velocities, mode shapes of the waves in an FGPM plate, and the responses of the plate excited by mechanical loads and electrodes are computed. It is found that waves of lower modes in the FGPM plates for large wave numbers appear as surface waves and that a strong surface wave is excited on the softer surface of the FGPM plate. These surface waves can be expected to be used in surface acoustic wave devices.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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